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Crop Progress, Condition Report Neutral to Bearish for Corn, Soybeans, Neutral for Wheat


U.S. corn and soybean development continued slightly ahead of the average pace this past week. The condition of the corn crop was unchanged while soybean conditions dropped slightly from the previous week, according to the USDA Crop Progress report released Tuesday due to the Independence Day holiday on Monday.

Corn silking was at 15% as of Sunday, July 3, slightly ahead of the five-year average of 13%. Corn condition was unchanged from the previous week at 75% good to excellent.

“NASS’ weekly crop condition ratings (as of Sunday, July 3) for corn resulted in a DTN National Crop Condition Index of 180 points. This was unchanged from the previous week and 15 points above the same week last year,” said DTN Senior Analyst Darin Newsom. “This week’s numbers could be viewed as neutral (conditions) to bearish (progress) for corn.”

Soybean blooming was also ahead of normal with 22% of the crop blooming as of Sunday compared to the average pace of 16%. Soybean conditions worsened again this past week, dropping to 70% good to excellent from the previous week’s rating of 72% good to excellent.

“NASS’ weekly crop condition ratings resulted in a DTN National Crop Condition Index for soybeans of 167 points. This was down 6 points from the previous week but still 12 points above the same week last year,” Newsom said. “Soybeans blooming were estimated at 22%, 6 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. This week’s reports could be viewed as neutral (conditions) to bearish (progress) for soybeans.”

Winter wheat was 58% harvested as of Sunday, up 13 percentage points from the previous week and 3 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 55%. Winter wheat condition remained the same from the previous week at 62% good to excellent.

“Kansas’ winter wheat harvest was pegged at 79% completed, also ahead of its five-year average of 76%,” Newsom said.

Spring wheat was 74% headed, well ahead of the five-year average of 45%. Spring wheat condition also held steady from the previous week at 72% good to excellent.

“As for spring wheat, NASS’ weekly condition numbers resulted in a DTN National Crop Index of 169 points. This was a decrease of 2 points from the previous week and is now 5 points below last year at this time,” Newsom said.

“This week’s reports could be viewed as neutral for wheat,” Newsom said.

Cotton squaring was at 42%, behind the five-year average of 47%. Cotton setting bolls was 11%, equal to the average pace. Cotton condition held steady from the previous week at 56% good to excellent. Rice was 20% headed, ahead of the average pace of 15%. Rice condition was also unchanged from the previous week at 69% good to excellent.

Sorghum was 29% headed, ahead of the average of 24%. Sorghum condition dropped slightly to 69% good to excellent from the previous week’s rating of 70% good to excellent.

Oats were 92% headed as of Sunday, well ahead of the five-year average of 80%. Oats condition held steady at 67% good to excellent.

Barley was 72% headed, also well ahead of the average pace of 48%. Barley condition was unchanged from the previous week at 75% good to excellent.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit

Colorado

Heavy storms last week resulted in improved moisture conditions and marginally reduced field activity while heat units continued to push crop development. In addition to locally heavy precipitation, reporters observed numerous hail producing storms in eastern counties. There was 5.2 days of fieldwork, down from 6.6 days from the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 1% very poor, 14% short, 78% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 3% very short, 11% short, 81% adequate and 5% surplus. Barley headed is 79% with a five-year average of 70%. Barley crop condition is 87% good to excellent. Corn silked is 5% with a five-year average of 2%. Corn crop condition is 83% good to excellent. Sorghum emerged is 95% and 77% five-year average. Sorghum headed is 1% with 1% also being the five-year average. Sorghum crop condition is 35% fair, 65% good to excellent. Spring wheat headed is 50% and 70% is the five-year average. Spring wheat coloring is 7% with a five-year average of 8%. Spring wheat crop condition is 93% good to excellent. Winter wheat is 98% turning color with a five-year average of 90%. Winter wheat mature is 58% with a five-year average of 51%. Winter wheat harvested is 7% with a five-year average of 30%. Winter wheat crop condition 56% good to excellent.

Illinois

Cool weather and rain through much of the state helped relieve some stress on the corn, soybeans and pastures. Statewide, the average temperature was 69.2 degrees, 5.2 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.98 inch, 0.01 inch below normal. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 3. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 5% very short, 18% short, 72% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 4% very short, 17% short, 75% adequate and 4% surplus. Corn silking reached 22%, compared to 21% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 21% fair, 54% good and 18% excellent. Soybeans emerged was at 97%, compared to 91% last year. Soybeans blooming reached 18%. Soybean condition was rated 71% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvest reached 90% complete, compared to 60% last year. Oats harvested reached 7%.

Indiana

Spotty rains and cooler temperatures continued to provide relief to most of the dry areas of the state. Rain showers throughout the week were highly variable, leaving some areas soaked and others mostly dry. There were 5.8 days available for fieldwork for the week ending July 3. Topsoil moisture was 4% very short, 17% short, 69% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 4% very short, 16% short, 73% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn silking is 11% with a five-year average of 11%. Corn crop condition is 7% very poor to poor and 73% good to excellent. Soybean blooming is 17% with a five-year average of 15%. Soybeans crop condition is 6% very poor to poor and 72% good to excellent. Winter wheat mature is 93% and winter wheat harvested is 63% with a five-year average at 47% percent. Winter wheat crop condition is 4% very poor to poor and 76% good to excellent.

Iowa

Spotty precipitation brought relief to some while missing other areas entirely in Iowa during the week. Statewide there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 25% short, 64% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4% very short, 20% short, 73% adequate and 3% surplus. South-central and southeast Iowa continued to have the lowest levels of topsoil moisture in the state with two-thirds short to very short this week. Six percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, with 79% of the crop rated good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 20%, two days ahead of last year and the five-year average. There were scattered reports of soybeans setting pods. Soybean condition rated 77% good to excellent this week. Oat acreage headed reached 95%. Oats turning color reached 51%, five days ahead of last year and six days ahead of normal. Harvesting oats for grain or seed has begun in some areas. Oat crop condition rated 80% good to excellent.

Kansas

Near-normal temperatures and wet conditions dominated the weather pattern. Rainfall amounts of an inch were common in the north, while many southern counties received 3 inches or more. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 17% short, 70% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 3% very short, 16% short, 78% adequate, and 3% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 64% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 79%, ahead of 70% last year, and near the five-year average of 76%. Corn silking was 34%, ahead of 24% both last year and average. Corn condition was rated 67% good to excellent. Soybean condition was rated 60% good to excellent. Soybeans emerged was 92%, ahead of 80% last year, and near 91% average. Blooming was 8%, near 4% last year and 9% average. Sorghum condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Sorghum planted was 97%, near 96% last year, and equal to average. Headed was 10%, ahead of 0% last year and 1% average. Cotton condition was rated 65% good to excellent. Cotton planted was 89%, near 92% last year, but behind 97% average. Squaring was 19%, ahead of 11% last year, but behind 24% average. Sunflowers planted was 89%, near 87% last year and 90% average. Emerged was 77%, ahead of 70% last year, and near 76% average.

Michigan

Scattered rainfall late in the week provided a brief respite for crops across the state. Topsoil moisture was 21% very poor, 45% short, 31% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 17% very poor, 40% poor, 40% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn silking was 1% with a five-year average 1%. Corn crop condition is 56% good to excellent. Soybean blooming is 9% with a five-year average of 10%. Soybean crop condition is 57% good to excellent. Winter wheat mature is 55% and winter wheat harvested is 3% with 7% being the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 69% good to excellent. Oats headed was 81% with a five-year average of 81%. Oat crop condition is 67% good to excellent.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. This was the most days suitable for fieldwork this season since the week ending May 8. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 17% short, 70% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 16% short, 74% adequate, and 8% surplus. Minnesota’s corn condition rating decreased 2 percentage points from the previous week, with 79% of the crop rated in good-to-excellent condition. Eighteen percent of the soybean crop was blooming or beyond, two days ahead of the five-year average but two days behind the previous year. Soybean condition rated 74% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week. Eighty-seven percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the heading stage, 11 days ahead of average but one day behind last year. Sixteen percent of the spring wheat crop was turning color, four days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition rated 67% good to excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 11 days ahead of average but equal to the previous year. Twenty-four percent of the oat crop was turning color, and oat condition rated 81% good to excellent, down 3 percentage points from the previous week. Eighty-one percent of the barley crop had headed and 10% was turning color. Barley condition rated 70% good to excellent.

Missouri

The state received much-needed rain this past week. Temperatures averaged 73.3 degrees, 2.8 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 2.58 inches statewide, 1.61 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 5% very short, 18% short, 65% adequate and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 4% very short, 21% short, 69% adequate and 6% surplus. Corn silking reached 57%, 36 percentage points ahead of last year and 28 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 67% good to excellent. Soybeans emerged progressed to 96% complete and blooming reached 14%. Soybean condition was rated 60% good to excellent. Cotton squaring was 69% complete, compared to 51% for the five-year average. Winter wheat harvest progressed to 94% complete.

Nebraska

Widespread rainfall and cooler temperatures were reported across the state this past week. Moisture accumulations of an inch or more were common with smaller amounts in some southern counties. Temperatures averaged 2 to 4 degrees below normal in central and eastern areas but near normal across the panhandle. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 28% short, 65% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 19% short, 77% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn silking was 10%, near the five-year average of 8%. Corn condition was rated 80% good to excellent. Sorghum condition was rated 83% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 10%, behind 21% average. Soybeans condition was rated 77% good to excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 94%, ahead of the average of 88%, and harvested was at 20%, near the average of 21%.

North Dakota

Average temperatures were near normal in the central part of the state and 4 to 8 degrees below normal in the east this past week. Minimal amounts of rainfall were received across much of the state. Crops were showing signs of drought stress. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 20% short, 65% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 21% short, 69% adequate and 4% surplus. Winter wheat headed was 99% and coloring was 38%, well ahead of 13% last year. Winter wheat condition was rated 73% good to excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 98%, headed was 60% and coloring was 4%. Durum wheat condition was rated 82% good to excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 98%, headed was 81% and coloring was 9%, ahead of 2% coloring last year. Spring wheat condition was rated 77% good to excellent. Corn silking was 21%, ahead of 2% average. Corn condition was rated 78% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 37%, well ahead of 11% average. Soybeans condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Canola blooming was 84% and coloring was 5%, near 1% last year. Canola condition was rated 83% good to excellent.

Ohio

Continued dry weather this past week allowed significant gains in wheat harvest. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 5% very short, 32% short, 55% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 27% short, 63% adequate and 6% surplus. Corn silking was at 2%, behind the average pace of 5%. Corn condition was rated 70% good to excellent. Soybeans were 14% blooming, ahead of the five-year average of 9%. Soybean conditions were rated 68% good to excellent. Winter wheat was 91% mature and 56% harvested, well ahead of the average pace of 22% harvested. Oats were 92% headed, ahead of the five-year average of 82%.

Oklahoma

Precipitation this past week ranged from 0.41 inch in the south-central district to 3.01 inches in the northeast district. Temperatures averaged in the low 80s across the state. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 22% short, 69% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 18% short, 74% adequate and 6% surplus. Corn silking reached 48%, up 3 points from normal. Corn condition was rated 79% good to excellent. Sorghum headed reached 15%, up 9 points from the previous year and up 7 points from normal. Sorghum condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Soybeans planted reached 85%, down 2 points from normal, and soybeans emerged reached 79%, up 1 point from normal. Soybeans blooming reached 4%, equal to normal. Soybean conditions were rated 64% good to excellent. Wheat harvested reached 96%, up 2 points from normal. Canola harvested reached 92%, down 6 points from normal.

South Dakota

Mostly dry conditions continued to lower soil moisture ratings and stress crops in parts of the state this past week. Near-average temperatures brought a welcome break from recent heat, but many parts of South Dakota were in need of rain. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 35% short, 49% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 10% very short, 29% short, 60% adequate and 1% surplus. Winter wheat coloring was 95% and harvested was 6%, near 4% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent. Corn silking was 2%, near 3% average. Corn condition was rated 68% good to excellent. Spring wheat headed was 92% and coloring was 30%, ahead of 21% average. Spring wheat condition was rated 54% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 26%, ahead of 16% average. Soybeans condition was rated 67 good to excellent. Sorghum headed was 11%, ahead of 1% average. Sorghum condition was rated 65% good to excellent.

Texas

Hot weather was experienced across the state early in the week, and as the week progressed, isolated showers were seen. Areas of the Trans-Pecos received up to 6 inches of rainfall, while the rest of the state experienced upwards of 2 inches to little or no precipitation. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 35% short, 56% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 3% very short, 27% short, 64% adequate and 6% surplus. Corn was 53% silked, 45% in the dough stage and 37% dented, ahead of the five-year average of 32% dented. Corn condition was rated 71% good to excellent. Soybeans were 45% blooming, behind the average pace of 48%. Soybean conditions were rated 60% good to excellent. Cotton was 27% squaring and 9% setting bolls. Rice was 48% headed, ahead of the average of 31%. Sorghum was 10% harvested, slightly behind the average of 12%. Winter wheat was 95% harvested, ahead of the five-year average of 88%. Oats were 96% harvested, near the average of 95%.

Wisconsin

Clear, sunny weather and daytime highs in the 70s made this past week an excellent week for baling dry hay. Patchy rain fell midweek, but many areas saw an overall decline in soil moisture. Some reporters in areas missed by recent rains noted that crops were stressed by dry conditions. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 14% short, 77% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 11% short, 81% adequate and 7% surplus. As of July 3, corn condition was 85% good to excellent. Twenty-four percent of the state’s soybean acres were blooming, seven days ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of the five-year average. Soybean condition was 83% good to excellent. Seventy-nine percent of winter wheat was turning color, eight days ahead of last year. Winter wheat was 89% in good-to-excellent condition.

Source: The Progressive Farmer

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