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Corn and soybean development remained well behind the average pace at the end of last week and good-to-excellent condition ratings remain the lowest since 2012, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday.

As of Sunday, Aug. 4, 78% of corn was silking, up 20 percentage points from 58% the previous week but 15 percentage points behind the five-year average of 93%. That was an improvement from last Monday’s report when silking was running 25 percentage points behind average. Corn in the dough stage was pegged at 23%, up 10 percentage points from 13% the previous week but 19 percentage points behind the five-year average of 42%. That was further behind average than in last Monday’s report when corn in the dough stage was 10 percentage points behind the average.

“Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin are the major laggards in the percent of corn silking, with Michigan lowest at 44%,” said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

Corn’s good-to-excellent condition rating was pegged at 57%, down 1 percentage point from 58% the previous week and still the lowest good-to-excellent rating for this time of year in seven years.

Soybean development was also running well behind normal last week. The portion of the crop that was blooming was up 15 percentage points last week to reach 72% as of Sunday. That was 15 percentage points behind the five-year average of 87%, an improvement from last Monday’s report when blooming was running 22 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans setting pods reached 37% as of Sunday, 26 percentage points behind the average pace of 63%. That was further behind average than in last week’s report, when soybeans setting pods was 24 percentage points behind the average pace.

“Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Missouri are the laggards in setting pods, ranging from a low of 16% in Missouri to 19-20% in the other three states,” Mantini said.

The condition of the soybean crop held steady at 54% good to excellent. That was below last year’s good-to-excellent rating of 67% and remains the lowest good-to-excellent rating since 2012, Mantini noted.

Winter wheat harvest continued to inch along last week, reaching 82% complete as of Sunday, behind last year’s 89% and 10 percentage points behind the five-year average of 92%.

“Idaho at 15% complete, Michigan at 16%, Washington at 35% and South Dakota at 49% are the slowest in winter wheat harvest progress,” Mantini said.

In its first spring wheat harvest report of the season Monday, NASS estimated only 2% of the crop was harvested nationwide, behind last year’s 12% and 12 percentage points behind the five-year average of 14%.

Spring wheat condition — for the portion of the crop still in the field — remained at 73% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week and near last year’s good-to-excellent rating at the same time of year of 74%.

“Minnesota’s and North Dakota’s spring wheat crops are both rated at 85% good to excellent,” Mantini said.

Sorghum heading reached 45% as of Sunday, still well behind both last year’s 67% and the five-year average of 62%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 23%, behind the average of 30%. Sorghum condition was rated 68% good to excellent, down 7 percentage points from 75% the previous week. Oats were 32% harvested, behind the average of 49%.

Cotton squaring reached 95% as of Sunday, slightly ahead of the average pace of 93%. Cotton setting bolls was 59%, slightly behind the average of 61%. Cotton condition was rated 54% good to excellent, down 7 percentage points from 61% the previous week. Rice headed was pegged at 60%, behind the average of 73%. Rice condition was rated 68% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. Look for the U.S. map in the “Find Data and Reports by” section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state’s “Crop Progress & Condition” report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Silking 78 58 95 93
Corn Dough 23 13 54 42
Soybeans Blooming 72 57 91 87
Soybeans Setting Pods 37 21 73 63
Winter Wheat Harvested 82 75 89 92
Spring Wheat Harvested 2 NA 12 14
Cotton Squaring 95 86 91 93
Cotton Setting Bolls 59 45 58 61
Sorghum Headed 45 33 67 62
Sorghum Coloring 23 21 30 30
Barley Harvested 3 NA 14 18
Oats Harvested 32 21 49 49
Rice Headed 60 42 79 73

**

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 10 30 47 10 3 9 30 47 11 3 7 19 50 21
Soybeans 3 10 33 45 9 3 10 33 45 9 3 7 23 51 16
Spring Wheat 5 22 63 10 1 5 21 62 11 1 5 20 60 14
Cotton 1 12 33 44 10 1 10 28 46 15 11 21 28 32 8
Sorghum 1 5 26 54 14 1 3 25 59 12 6 12 33 42 7
Barley 5 19 64 12 5 18 62 15 2 19 64 15
Oats 2 6 27 54 11 2 6 26 53 13 4 3 22 58 13
Rice 1 6 25 45 23 1 6 25 48 20 1 7 23 56 13

**

National Soil Moisture Condition – 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR
Topsoil Moisture 9 28 57 6 7 24 61 8 14 28 53 5
Subsoil Moisture 6 23 65 6 4 19 69 8 13 29 54 4

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

Follow him on Twitter @AGrederDTN

Source: Anthony Greder, DTN

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