Area Plans insure against an area-wide usually county-wide loss of production on a crop. It is based on the concept that when an entire county’s crop yield is low, most producers in that county will also have low yields. National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) county data is used to set the expected and actual county yields.
Under an area plan, the insured chooses a percent of the expected county yield or revenue which is published by RMA in the actuarial documents. If the actual county yield or revenue falls below the expected county yield, a loss occurs regardless of the farm-specific production.