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Pasture, Rangeland, Forage (PRF)

The Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage insurance was designed to help protect a producer’s operation from the risks of forage loss due to the lack of precipitation.

The Pasture, Rangeland, Forage (PRF) Pilot Insurance Program is designed to provide insurance coverage on your pasture, rangeland, or forage acres grown for the intended use of grazing by livestock or haying. This program is designed to give you the ability to buy insurance protection for losses of forage produced for grazing or harvested for hay, which result in increased costs for feed, destocking, depopulating, or other actions. The PRF program utilizes a rainfall index to determine precipitation for coverage purposes, and does not measure production or loss of products themselves.

PRF is available in the 48 contiguous states with the exception of a few grids that cross international borders.

The Rainfall Index uses National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Prediction Center (NOAA CPC) data and each grid is approximately 17 x 17 miles. Acres will be assigned to one or more grids based on the location to be insured. A producer must select at least two, 2-month periods where precipitation is important to their operation. These periods are called index intervals. It is important for ranchers and farmers to understand that payments are not based on individual rain gauges on their farm or a single weather station, but the interpolated data for the entire NOAA CPC grid which may not be traced back to a single reporting station.

The Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage insurance was designed to help protect a producer’s operation from the risks of forage loss due to the lack of precipitation. It is not designed to insure against ongoing or severe drought, as the coverage is based on precipitation expected during specific intervals only.

Pasture, rangeland, and forage cover approximately 55 percent of all U.S. land. Forage grows differently in different areas, so it’s important for farmers and ranchers to know which types and techniques work best for their region.

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Insurance payments are determined by using NOAA CPC data for their grid(s) and index intervals that were chosen to insure. When the final grid index falls below the policyholder’s “trigger grid index”, the producer may receive an indemnity. This insurance coverage is for a single peril — lack of precipitation. Coverage is based on the experience of the entire grid. It is not based on individual farms or ranches or specific weather stations in the general area.

Tools

Producers need to make several choices when insuring their grazing or hay production, including coverage level, index intervals, irrigated practice, productivity factor, and number of acres. Producers should work with their crop insurance agent to view the Grid ID Locator map and index grids for their area and assign acreage to one or more grids based on the location and use of the acreage to be insured. RMA encourages the use of the Grid ID Locator, historical indices tool, and decision support tools available on RMA’s website to help decide whether PRF is the right insurance coverage for a producer’s operation.

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Contact your ProAg agent for the complete details on how PRF fits into your farming and ranching operation.