Survey Shows Indiana Farmland Values Continue to Fall08/08/2016
Indiana farmland values have continued their downward trend of last year, with average declines of 8.2 to 8.7 percent depending on land quality, according to the 2016 Purdue Farmland Value Survey. Declines of this size have not been seen since the mid-1980s.
Over the past two years, the average farmland value has fallen about 13 percent. The declines are largely the result of tighter profit margins from low commodity prices.
Cash rents – the amount a farmer pays to rent land to farm – also declined for the second consecutive year.
Prices down throughout state
“The collapse in grain prices and the impact of tighter gross margins are working their way through the agricultural economy,” wrote Purdue agricultural economists Craig Dobbins and Kim Cook, authors of the report. “While the underlying reasons for multiple years of tight gross margins now are not the same as in the 1980s, a series of years with downward adjustments in farmland values and cash rents like the 1980s may still be the result.”
The survey shows that top- and average-quality farmland fell by an average of 8.2 percent from last year, and poor-quality farmland declined by 8.7 percent. Top land fell from $9,266 per acre to $8,508, average land from $7,672 to $7,041 and poor land from $5,863 to $5,353.
The downward change in farmland values was consistent across the five regions of the state, according to the report. The North had the largest year-to-year drop, with declines of 14.2 percent, 10.7 percent and 10.2 percent for top, average and poor farmland, respectively. The authors noted that declines of at least 10 percent are rare.
“In addition, the farmland value change in this region did not support the conventional wisdom of top-quality land maintaining its value better than lower-quality farmland in a downturn,” they wrote.
Largest decline in rents since ’87
This year’s decline in cash rents across all land qualities was the largest since 1987. Over the past year, cash rents declined by an average of 9.8 percent to 10.9 percent. Top land had an average cash rent of $257 per acre, average land $204 per acre and poor land $157 per acre.
The survey respondents indicated that they believe there will be a continuation of low grain prices, low and stable long-term interest rates and low inflation rates. If they prove to be correct, the authors said there is likely to be slower growth in farmland earnings and that producers’ per-unit cost of production would need to be lowered further.
“Lowering per-unit cost of production will take time and will likely be a combination of adjustments in lower input costs, higher yields, and lower cash rents and farmland values, each contributing a small change,” they wrote.
More declines expected
Respondents expected farmland values to fall an additional 1.9 percent to 2.2 percent during the last half of 2016,
Long-term, the direction is less clear.
“Respondents were divided just about equally across higher, no change and lower,” the authors said.
Those expecting farmland values to be higher in five years projected an average increase of 7.6 percent. Those expecting declines projected an average decline of 9.5 percent.
When asked to project cash rents for 2017, respondents expected a further decline of 4.5 percent.
The annual Purdue Farmland Value Survey is based on responses from rural appraisers, commercial bank and Farm Credit Mid-America agricultural loan officers, Farm Service Agency personnel, farm managers and farmers. The results provide information about the general level and trend in farmland values and cash rents. The survey does not indicate specific values for an individual farm.
The full report is available at https://ag.purdue.edu/agecon/Pages/Purdue-Agricultural-Economics-Report.aspx.